Adenomyosis: a condition where pieces of the lining tissue (endometrium) grows into the muscular layer of the uterus causing enlargement of the uterus and possible symptoms of pain and abnormal bleeding

Amenorrhea: the absence of menstrual bleeding

Amniocentesis: the surgical insertion of a hollow needle through the abdominal wall and into the uterus of a pregnant female to obtain amniotic fluid. In early pregnancy this procedure may be used to look at the fetal chromosomes for an abnormality and for the determination of sex. In later pregnancy, the sample taken may be used to assess fetal lung maturity

Cyst: a closed sac that has a distinct wall. The sac develops abnormally in a body cavity or structure such as the ovary (ovarian cyst).

Cystocele: prolapse or falling of the bladder from its normal position

Dysmenorrhea: painful periods

Dyspareunia: painful sexual intercourse

Dysplasia: variation in cell appearance, abnormal cells

Dysuria: painful or difficult urination

Ectopic Pregnancy: a condition where a fertilized egg implants outside of the uterus, generally in a fallopian tube causing unusual bleeding and pelvic pain. This situation can be a life-threatening situation and requires surgical removal of the pregnancy.

Endometriosis: a condition where the endometrium or endometrial cells are found outside the uterus. These cells respond to the hormonal changes of the menstrual cycle and can cause severe pain and possible problems with fertility.

Fibroids: a benign (noncancerous) tumor that can grow in the uterus. Fibroids may cause pain and bleeding

Hyperemesis: excessive vomiting most often associated with pregnancy (Hyperemesis Gravidarum)

Hyperplasia: an excessive growth of tissue - such as of the endometrial cells in the uterus - this would be uterine hyperplasia

Hysterectomy: surgical removal of the uterus. This may also include removal of the ovaries.

Mastitis: an infection of the breast (mammary glands)

Menometrorrhagia: excessive uterine bleeding occurring both during the menses or at irregular intervals.

Menopause: the change of life when the ovaries stop working and menstrual periods no longer occur. A woman is considered menopausal when there have been no periods for at least 12 months. Menopause can also occur after surgical removal of the uterus and ovaries.

Menorrhagia: excessive uterine bleeding occurring at regular intervals with period of flow being of usual duration.

Non Stress Test: a method to track fetal heart rate to determine fetal well being

Osteoporosis: loss of bone density or thinning of the bone structure which causes brittleness and an increased risk of fracture (break)

Pelvic prolapse: a condition where the organs in the pelvic area (uterus, bladder, vagina and rectum) are altered and "fall" or sag from the normal position.

Placenta Previa: a condition where the placenta is abnormally growing over or very close to the inner opening of uterine cervix causing the risk of bleeding during pregnancy or hemorrhage at the time of delivery.

Polycystic ovaries: a condition where multiple cysts develop on the ovaries, affecting hormonal balance and can cause enlarged ovaries, increased pain, amenorrhea, abnormal facial hair growth, infertility and obesity (also known as PCOS, Stein-Leventhal syndrome and polycystic ovarian disorder).

Pre eclampsia: a complication of pregnancy characterized by hypertension, edema and/or proteinuria.

Rectocele: when the rectum bulges into or out of the vagina (also known as posterior wall prolapse).

Uterine prolapse: a condition where the uterus sags or falls out of alignment from normal position.

Vaginitis: an inflammation of the vaginal area usually associated with vaginal discharge and infection